Research at UCC ASSERT

ASSERT research programme is committed to creating, understanding and sharing knowledge.

ASSERT’s research programme is explicitly undertaken to advance and support the delivery of real-world solutions in healthcare, healthcare education and healthcare technological innovation at a national and global level.

ASSERT is focused on supporting, designing, developing, enhancing and implementing interdisciplinary research that fosters and enables a community of academics, healthcare professionals and industry engage in a collaborative, cohesive and synergistic manner to achieve these solutions.

Research Projects


Maire Caitlin Casey,  Eoin S O’Broin, Dept. of Plastic Surgery, CUH.


The ancient principle of primum non nocere is highly relevant when considering surgery of the lateral skull base and of the Temporal Bone.

The surgeon is required to carry out microscopic dissection in close proximity to the Brain, Facial Nerve, Sigmoid Sinus, Cochlea and Semi-Circular Canals, one tiny slip can have catastrophic effects on the patient!

Regular cadaveric dissection in the laboratory is the only way the surgeon can acquire the requisite skills necessary to carry out this very delicate surgery.

The ASSERT Centre provides a unique facility with work stations consisting of operating microscopes, electrical drills and surgical instruments; enabling surgeons in training to hone their skills in an appropriate setting for the ultimate benefit of their patients.

It is the only centre in Ireland which allows regular weekly access to surgeons and is under the governance of the Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology at the South Infirmary/Victoria University Hospital Cork

Publications 2020

Age-related hearing loss and provider-patient communication across primary and secondary care settings: a cross-sectional study

Simon Smith, Nur Syifa Ilyani Abd Manan, Shannon Toner, Amr Al Refaie, Nicole Müller, Patrick Henn, Colm M P O’Tuathaigh.

Age and Ageing, Published:07 April 2020

Publications 2019

Simulation test: can medical devices pass ?

Power D, O’Donovan K, Deasy C, Henn P.

BMJ Simulation and Technology Enhanced Learning  Published Online First: 09 October 2019.

doi: 10.1136/bmjstel-2019-000519

Service evaluation of diabetes management during pregnancy in a regional maternity hospital: potential scope for increased self-management and remote patient monitoring through mHealth solutions

Abdelrahim Alqudah, Paul McMullan, Anna Todd, Conor O’Doherty, Anne McVey, Mae McConnell, John O’Donoghue, Joe Gallagher, Chris J. Watson & Lana McClements

BMC Health Services Researchvolume 19, Article number: 662 (2019)

Simulation training: our passport to a successful future in medicine

Claire M. McCarthy, 1 Orfhlaith E. O’Sullivan,1 Barry A. O’Reilly1,2,3

First published as 10.1136/bmjstel-2019-000491 on 29 June 2019

Validation studies of virtual reality simulation performance metrics for mechanical thrombectomy in ischemic stroke Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery

Robert Crossley, Thomas Liebig, Markus Holtmannspoetter, Johan Lindkvist, Pat Henn, Lars Lonn, Anthony Gerald Gallagher

Published Online First: 17 January 2019. doi: 10.1136/neurintsurg-2018-014510

Publications 2018

Handover training for medical students: a controlled educational trial of a pilot curriculum in Germany.

Laura Thaeter, Hanna Schröder, Lina Henze, Jennifer Butte, Patrick Henn, Rolf Rossaint, Saša Sopka

BMJ Open 2018;8:e021202. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021202

Metric-Based Virtual Reality Simulation – A Paradigm Shift in Training for Mechanical Thrombectomy in Acute Stroke

Thomas Liebig, Markus Holtmannspötter, Robert Crossley, Johan Lindkvist, Patrick Henn, Lars Lönn and Anthony G. Gallagher

Stroke. 2018; STROKEAHA.118.021089, originally published June 4, 2018

Visual spatial ability for surgical trainees: implications for learning endoscopic, laparoscopic surgery and other image-guided procedures.

Henn, P., Gallagher, A.G., Nugent, E. et al.

Surg Endosc (2018)

Outlier experienced surgeon’s performances impact on benchmark for technical surgical skills training

Gallagher, A. G., Henn, P. J., Neary, P. C., Senagore, A. J., Marcello, P. W., Bunting, B. P., Seymour, N. E. and Satava, R. M. (2018)

ANZ Journal of Surgery. doi:10.1111/ans.14474

‘Inter-rater Reliability for Metrics Scored in a Binary Fashion—Performance Assessment for an Arthroscopic Bankart Repair’.

Anthony G. Gallagher, Richard K. N. Ryu, Robert A. Pedowitz, Patrick Henn, and Richard L. Angelo. (2018)

Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association.

Publications 2017

A computerised test of perceptual ability for learning endoscopic and laparoscopic surgery and other image guided procedures: Score norms for PicSOr,

Henn P, Gallagher AG, Nugent E, Cowie R, Seymour NE, Haluck RS, Hseino H, Traynor O, Neary PC

The American Journal of Surgery (2017), doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2017.01.025

Publications 2015

A Proficiency-Based Progression Training Curriculum Coupled With a Model Simulat

Richard L. Angelo, M.D., Richard K. N. Ryu, M.D., Robert A. Pedowitz, M.D., Ph.D., William Beach, M.D., Joseph Burns, M.D., Julie Dodds, M.D., Larry Field, M.D., Mark Getelman, M.D., Rhett Hobgood, M.D., Louis McIntyre, M.D., and Anthony G. Gallagher, Ph.D., D.Sc. (2015)

The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, pp 1-18

The Bankart Performance Metrics Combined With a Shoulder Model Simulator Create

Richard L. Angelo, M.D., Robert A. Pedowitz, M.D., Ph.D., Richard K. N. Ryu, M.D., and Anthony G. Gallagher, Ph.D., D.Sc. (2015)

The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, Vol 31, No 9 (September), 2015: pp 1639-1654

The Bankart Performance Metrics Combined With a Cadaveric Shoulder Create a Prec

Richard L. Angelo, M.D., Richard K. N. Ryu, M.D., Robert A. Pedowitz, M.D., Ph.D., and Anthony G. Gallagher, Ph.D., D.Sc. (2015)

The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, Vol 31, No 9 (September), 2015: pp 1655-1670

Metric Development for an Arthroscopic Bankart Procedure: Assessment of Face and Content Validity

Richard L. Angelo, M.D., Richard K. N. Ryu, M.D., Robert A. Pedowitz, M.D., Ph.D., and Anthony G. Gallagher, Ph.D., D.Sc. (2015)

The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, Vol 31, No 8 (August), 2015: pp 1430-1440

Objective Assessment of Knot-Tying Proficiency With the Fundamentals of Arthroscopic Surgery Training Program Workstation and Knot Tester

Robert A. Pedowitz, M.D., Ph.D., Gregg T. Nicandri, M.D., Richard L. Angelo, M.D., Richard K. N. Ryu, M.D., and Anthony G. Gallagher, Ph.D., D.Sc. (2015)

The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, pp 1-8

Magellan and Copernicus: Arthroscopy Association of North America Seeking Excellence in Education

Richard L. Angelo, M.D. (2015)

The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, Vol 31, No 8 (August), 2015: pp 1428-1429

‘Designing Learning Outcomes for Handoff Teaching of Medical Students Using Group Concept Mapping: Findings From a Multicountry European Study’

Hynes, H., Stoyanov, S., Drachsler, H., Maher, B., Orrego, C., Secanell M., Stieger L., Druener, S., Schroeder, H., Sopka, S., Henn, P. (2015)

Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges

Publications 2014

Simulation Fidelity: More Than Experience and Mere Repetition?

Anthony G. Gallagher, Patrick Henn.

Studies in Health Technology and Informatics Volume 196: Medicine Meets Virtual Reality 21

Improving Clinical Performance Using Rehearsal or Warm-up: An Advanced Literature Review of Randomized and Observational Studies.

O’Leary JD, O’Sullivan O, Barach P, Shorten GD.

Acad Med. 2014 Jul 1.

Use of a group concept mapping approach to define learning outcomes for an interdisciplinary module in medicine.

Stoyanov S, Spoelstra H, Bennett D, Sweeney C, Van Huffel S, Shorten G, O’Flynn S, Cantillon-Murphy P, O’Tuathaigh C, Burgoyne L.

Perspect Med Educ. 2014 Jun;3(3):245-

A comparison of three techniques (local anesthetic deposited circumferential to vs. above vs. below the nerve) for ultrasound guided femoral nerve block.

Szűcs S, Morau D, Sultan SF, Iohom G, Shorten G.

BMC Anesthesiol. 2014 Jan 25;14(1):6. doi: 10.1186/1471-2253-14-6.

Convergence and translation: attitudes to inter-professional learning and teaching of creative problem-solving among medical and engineering students and staff.

Spoelstra H, Stoyanov S, Burgoyne L, Bennett D, Sweeney C, Drachsler H, Vanderperren K, Van Huffel S, McSweeney J, Shorten G, O’Flynn S, Cantillon-Murphy P, O’Tuathaigh C.

BMC Med Educ. 2014 Jan 22;14:14. doi: 10.1186/1472-6920-14-14.

Effect of feedback content on novices’ learning ultrasound guided interventional procedures.

Farjad Sultan S, Iohom G, Shorten G.

Clin Teach. 2011 Dec;8(4):236-40. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-498X.2011.00471.x.

Publications 2013

An evaluation of high fidelity simulation using a human patient simulator in a new diploma in military medical care

Power D, Henn P, Hick D, McAdoo J (2013)

JMVH, 21(4): 1-11

Attentional Capacity: An Essential Aspect of Surgeon Performance

Gallagher AG, Satava RM, O’sullivan GC.

Ann Surg. 2013 May 31. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.

Simulators for training in ultrasound guided procedures.

Syed Farjad Sultan, George Shorten, Gabrielle Iohom

Medical Ultransonography June 2013

To what extent does the Health Professions Admission Test-Ireland predict performance in early undergraduate tests of communication and clinical skills? – An observational cohort study.

Maureen E Kelly, Daniel Regan, Fidelma Dunne, Patrick Henn, John Newell and Siun O’Flynn

BMC Education

The impact of a medical undergraduate student-selected module in palliative care.

Catherine Sweeney, Geraldine Lynch, Ali Khashan, Bridget Maher, Marie Murphy, Tony O’Brien

BMJ Support Palliat Care bmjspcare-March 2013

Pediatric pishogues.

C. Anthony Ryan & Bridget Maher

Hektoen International Journal A Journal of Medical Humanities Volume 5, Issue 1 – Winter 2013

A picture tells 1000 words: learning teamwork in primary care.

Martina Kelly, Deirdre Bennett, Siun O’Flynn and Tony Foley

The Clinical Teacher 2013 Vol 10 (2)

In the eye of the beholder: student perspectives on professional roles in practice.

D Bennett, M McCarthy, S O’Flynn, M Kelly

Medical Education 47 (4), 397-407

Providing Research Opportunities for Medical Students: Challenges and Opportunities.

E Duggan, K Doran, S O’Flynn, CMP O’Tuathaigh

Medical Science Educator 23 ((1S)), 99-107

Women in Hospital Medicine: Facts, Figures and Personal Experiences.

G Boylan, K Meghen, C Sweeney, C Linehan, S O’Flynn

Irish Medical Journal 106 (2)

Measuring surgical skill: a rapidly evolving scientific methodology.

Gallagher AG, Satava RM, Shorten GD.

Surg Endosc. 2013 May;27(5):1451-5. doi: 10.1007/s00464-013-2786-x. Epub 2013 Feb 1. No abstract available.

An evaluation of high fidelity simulation training for paramedics in Ireland.

D Power, P Henn, P O’Driscoll, T Power, J McAdoo, H Hynes, S Cusack

International Paramedic Practice 3 (1), 11-18

Medical school attrition – beyond the statistics a 10 year retrospective review.

BM Maher, H Hynes, C Sweeney, AS Khashan, K Doran, A Harris, S O’Flynn

BMC Medical Education 13 (1), 13 2013

Modelling the impact of old and new mechanisms of entry and selection to medical school in Ireland: who gets in?

O Flynn, S, Mills, A, Fitzgerald

T (2013) Irish Journal of Medical Sciences

Prospective, randomized assessment of transfer of training (ToT) and transfer effectiveness ratio (TER) of virtual reality simulation training for laparoscopic skill acquisition.

Gallagher AG, Seymour NE, Jordan-Black JA, Bunting BP, McGlade K, Satava RM.

Ann Surg. 2013 Jun;257(6):1025-31. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e318284f658.

To cognitively err is human European Journal of Internal Medicine.

Simon D. Smith, David Power, Patrick Henn, Helen Hynes, Colin Bradley.

Received 21 June 2013; received in revised form 2 July 2013; accepted 5 July 2013.
Published on line 05 August 2013

Publications 2012

Metric-based simulation training to proficiency in medical education:-what it is and how to do it.

Gallagher AG.

Ulster Med J. 2012 Sep 81 (3): 107-13

Factors influencing microsurgical skill acquisition during a dedicated training course.

Nugent E, Joyce C, Perez-Abadia G, Frank J, Sauerbier M, Neary P, Gallagher AG, Traynor O, Carroll S.

Microsurgery 2012 Nov; 32 (8): 649-56. Doi: 10.1002/micr.22047. Epub 2012 Oct 22.

Factors influencing microsurgical skill acquisition during a dedicated training course.

Nugent E, Joyce C, Perez-Abadia G, Frank J, Sauerbier M, Neary P, Gallagher AG, Traynor O, Carroll S.

Microsurgery 2012 Nov; 32 (8): 649-56. Doi: 10.1002/micr.22047. Epub 2012 Oct 22.

Objective structured assessment of technical skills and checklist scales reliability compared for high stakes assessments.

Gallagher AG, O’Sullivan GC, Leonard G, Bunting BP, McGlade KJ.

ANZ J Surg. 2012 Sep 3. doi: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.2012.06236.x. [Epub ahead of print]

Virtual reality simulation training in a high-fidelity procedure suite: operator appraisal.

Lonn L, Edmond JJ, Marco J, Kearney PP, Gallagher AG.

J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2012 Oct; 23(10):1361-6.e2. doi 10.1016/j.jvir.2012.06.002. Epub 2012 Jul 31.

Prosepective, randomized assessment of the acquisition, maintenance, and loss of laparoscopic skills.

Gallagher AG, Jordan-Black JA, O’Sullivan GC.

Ann Surg. 2012 Aug;256(2):387-93. Doi: 10.1097/SLA.ObO13e318251f3d2.

Selection of student-selected component [SSCs] modules across the medical undergraduate curriculum: Relationship with motivational factors

CMP O’Tuathaigh, E Duggan, AS Khashan, GB Boylan, S O’Flynn

Medical Teacher

Augmenting, not cheating!

SD Smith, AG Gallagher, P Henn


A Three-Disciplined Approach to the Development of a Financial Learning Management System (FinLMS)

K Neville, S Woodworth, C O’Sullivan-Rochford

Smartphone technology enhances newborn intubation knowledge and performance amongst paediatric trainees

CP Hawkes, BH Walsh, CA Ryan, EM Dempsey


The future of simulation technologies for complex cardiovascular procedures

CU Cates, AG Gallagher

European Heart Journal

From Theater to the World Wide Web-a New Online Era for Surgical Education

DP O’Leary, MA Corrigan, SM McHugh, AD Hill, HP Redmond

Journal of Surgical Education

Assessment of the Feasibility and Effectiveness of an E-Learning Module in Delivering a Curriculum in Radiation Protection to Undergraduate Medical Students

S Leong, P Mc Laughlin, OJ O’Connor, S O’Flynn, MM Maher

Journal of the American College of Radiology

Using smart phone technology to teach neonatal endotracheal intubation (NeoTube): application development and uptake

CP Hawkes, S Hanotin, B O’Flaherty, S Woodworth, CA Ryan, EM Dempsey

Acta Paediatrica

Breast cancer information on the internet: Analysis of accessibility and accuracy

EM Quinn, MA Corrigan, SM McHugh, D Murphy, J O’Mullane, ADK Hill, HP Redmond

The Breast

General practice: the DREEM attachement? Comparing the educational environment of hospital and general practice placements

M Kelly, D Bennett, S O’Flynn

Education for Primary Care 23 (1), 34-40

A study of innovative patient safety education

SD Smith, P Henn, R Gaffney, H Hynes, J McAdoo, C Bradley

The Clinical Teacher

A psychometric appraisal of the DREEM

SM Hammond, M O’Rourke, M Kelly, D Bennett, S O’Flynn

BMC Medical Education

A metric-based analysis of structure and content of telephone consultations of final-year medical students in a high-fidelity emergency medicine simulation

P Henn, D Power, S Smith, T Power, H Hynes, R Gaffney, J McAdoo

BMJ Open

Fit for practice: Are we there yet?

H Hynes, S Smith, P Henn, J McAdoo

Medical Teacher

Virtual reality-based medical training and assessment: The multidisciplinary relationship between clinicians, educators and developers

E Lövquist, G Shorten, A Aboulafia

Medical Teacher

Publications 2011

Fundamentals of Surgical Simulation; Principles & Practices

Gallagher, A. G. and G. C. O’Sullivan (2011)

London, Springer Verlag

Optimising surgical training: use of feedback to reduce errors during a simulated surgical procedure.

Boyle E, Al-Akash M, Gallagher AG, Traynor O, Hill AD, Neary PC.

Postgrad Med J. 2011 Aug;87(1030):524-8. doi: 10.1136/pgmj.2010.109363. Epub 2011 Jun 3.

Persistent next-day effects of excessive alcohol consumption on laparoscopic surgical performance.

Gallagher AG, Boyle E, Toner P, Neary PC, Andersen DK, Satava RM, Seymour NE.

Arch Surg. 2011 Apr;146(4):419-26. doi: 10.1001/archsurg.2011.67.

The imperative for metrics in training.

Morgan JM, Burri H, Binner L, Mansour H, Retzlaff H, Roca M, Gallagher A.

Eur Heart J. 2011 Jan;32(1):7-9. Erratum in: Eur Heart J. 2011 Apr;32(8):922. Tofield, Andros [removed]; Morgan, John M [added]; Burri, Haran [added]; Binner, Ludwig [added]; Mansour, Hassan [added]; Retzlaff, Hartwig [added]; Roca, Marta [added]; Gallagher, Anthony [added].

Publications 2009

Role and feasibility of psychomotor and dexterity testing in selection for surgical training.

Gallagher AG, Leonard G, Traynor OJ.

ANZ J Surg. 2009 Mar;79(3):108-13. doi: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.2008.04824.x.

Do we see what we think we see? The complexities of morphological assessment.

Hamilton PW, van Diest PJ, Williams R, Gallagher AG.

J Pathol. 2009 Jul;218(3):285-91. doi: 10.1002/path.2527. Review.

An ergonomic analysis of the effects of camera rotation on laparoscopic performance.

Gallagher AG, Al-Akash M, Seymour NE, Satava RM.

Surg Endosc. 2009 Dec;23(12):2684-91. doi: 10.1007/s00464-008-0261-x.

Publications 2008

Simulation in surgery: opportunity or threat?

Gallagher AG, Traynor O.

Ir J Med Sci. 2008 Dec;177(4):283-7. doi: 10.1007/s11845-008-0204-5. Epub 2008 Nov 8. Review. No abstract available.

Objective assessment of surgical performance and its impact on a national selection programme of candidates for higher surgical training in plastic surgery.

Carroll SM, Kennedy AM, Traynor O, Gallagher AG.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2009 Dec;62(12):1543-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2008.06.054. Epub 2008 Oct 19.

Prospective, randomized, double-blind trial of curriculum-based training for intracorporeal suturing and knot tying.

Van Sickle KR, Ritter EM, Baghai M, Goldenberg AE, Huang IP, Gallagher AG, Smith CD.

J Am Coll Surg. 2008 Oct;207(4):560-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2008.05.007. Epub 2008 Jul 14.

Construct validation of a novel hybrid virtual-reality simulator for training and assessing laparoscopic colectomy; results from the first course for experienced senior laparoscopic surgeons.

Neary PC, Boyle E, Delaney CP, Senagore AJ, Keane FB, Gallagher AG.

Surg Endosc. 2008 Oct;22(10):2301-9. doi: 10.1007/s00464-008-9900-5. Epub 2008 Jun 14.

Assessing surgical skill using bench station models.

Kennedy AM, Carroll S, Traynor O, Gallagher AG.

Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008 May;121(5):1869-70. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e31816b19bc. No abstract available.

Novel method for assessment and selection of trainees for higher surgical training in general surgery.

Gallagher AG, Neary P, Gillen P, Lane B, Whelan A, Tanner WA, Traynor O.

ANZ J Surg. 2008 Apr;78(4):282-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.2008.04439.x.

Publications 2007

Proficiency-based virtual reality training significantly reduces the error rate for residents during their first 10 laparoscopic cholecystectomies.

Ahlberg G, Enochsson L, Gallagher AG, Hedman L, Hogman C, McClusky DA 3rd, Ramel S, Smith CD, Arvidsson D.

Am J Surg. 2007 Jun;193(6):797-804.

The effect of escalating feedback on the acquisition of psychomotor skills for laparoscopy.

Van Sickle KR, Gallagher AG, Smith CD.

Surg Endosc. 2007 Feb;21(2):220-4. Epub 2007 Jan 2.

Publications 2006

Attempted establishment of proficiency levels for laparoscopic performance on a national scale using simulation: the results from the 2004 SAGES Minimally Invasive Surgical Trainer-Virtual Reality (MIST-VR) learning center study.

Van Sickle KR, Ritter EM, McClusky DA 3rd, Lederman A, Baghai M, Gallagher AG, Smith CD.

Surg Endosc. 2007 Jan;21(1):5-10. Epub 2006 Nov 16.

Face and content validation of virtual reality simulation for carotid angiography: results from the first 100 physicians attending the Emory NeuroAnatomy Carotid Training (ENACT) program.

Nicholson WJ, Cates CU, Patel AD, Niazi K, Palmer S, Helmy T, Gallagher AG.

Simul Healthc. 2006 Fall;1(3):147-50.

Perceptual, visuospatial, and psychomotor abilities correlate with duration of training required on a virtual-reality flexible endoscopy simulator.

Ritter EM, McClusky DA 3rd, Gallagher AG, Enochsson L, Smith CD.

Am J Surg. 2006 Sep;192(3):379-84.

Learning curves and reliability measures for virtual reality simulation in the performance assessment of carotid angiography.

Patel AD, Gallagher AG, Nicholson WJ, Cates CU.

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 May 2;47(9):1796-802. Epub 2006 Apr 17.

Development and construct validation of performance metrics for multivessel coronary interventions on the VIST virtual reality simulator at PCR2005.

Gallagher AG, Renkin J, Buyl H, Lambert H, Marco J.

EuroIntervention. 2006 May;2(1):101-6.

Publications 2005

Evaluation of a tensiometer to provide objective feedback in knot-tying performance.

Van Sickle KR, Smith B, McClusky DA 3rd, Baghai M, Smith CD, Gallagher AG.

Am Surg. 2005 Dec;71(12):1018-23.

Clinical competence statement on carotid stenting: training and credentialing for carotid stenting–multispecialty consensus recommendations: a report of the SCAI/SVMB/SVS Writing Committee to develop a clinical competence statement on carotid interventions.

Rosenfield K, Babb JD, Cates CU, Cowley MJ, Feldman T, Gallagher A, Gray W, Green R, Jaff MR, Kent KC, Ouriel K, Roubin GS, Weiner BH, White CJ.

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Jan 4;45(1):165-74. Review. No abstract available.

Real-time objective assessment of knot quality with a portable tensiometer is superior to execution time for assessment of laparoscopic knot-tying performance.

Ritter EM, McClusky DA 3rd, Gallagher AG, Smith CD.

Surg Innov. 2005 Sep;12(3):233-7.

Construct validation of the ProMIS simulator using a novel laparoscopic suturing task.

Van Sickle KR, McClusky DA 3rd, Gallagher AG, Smith CD.

Surg Endosc. 2005 Sep;19(9):1227-31. Epub 2005 Jul 21.

Correlation between perceptual, visuo-spatial, and psychomotor aptitude to duration of training required to reach performance goals on the MIST-VR surgical simulator.

McClusky DA 3rd, Ritter EM, Lederman AB, Gallagher AG, Smith CD.

Am Surg. 2005 Jan;71(1):13-20; discussion 20-1.

Smart tutor: a pilot study of a novel adaptive simulation environment.

Pham T, Roland L, Benson KA, Webster RW, Gallagher AG, Haluck RS.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2005;111:385-9.

Video-assisted surgery represents more than a loss of three-dimensional vision.

Gallagher AG, Ritter EM, Lederman AB, McClusky DA 3rd, Smith CD.

Am J Surg. 2005 Jan;189(1):76-80.

Virtual reality simulation for the operating room: proficiency-based training as a paradigm shift in surgical skills training.

Gallagher AG, Ritter EM, Champion H, Higgins G, Fried MP, Moses G, Smith CD, Satava RM.

Ann Surg. 2005 Feb;241(2):364-72.

Publications 2004

Approval of virtual reality training for carotid stenting: what this means for procedural-based medicine.

Gallagher AG, Cates CU.

JAMA. 2004 Dec 22;292(24):3024-6. No abstract available.

Virtual reality training for the operating room and cardiac catheterisation laboratory.

Gallagher AG, Cates CU.

Lancet. 2004 Oct 23-29;364(9444):1538-40.

Training to proficiency: aircraft to OR.

Fried MP, Gallagher AG, Satava RM.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004 Oct;130(10):1145-6. No abstract available.

Identifying and reducing errors with surgical simulation.

Fried MP, Satava R, Weghorst S, Gallagher AG, Sasaki C, Ross D, Sinanan M, Uribe JI, Zeltsan M, Arora H, Cuellar H.

Qual Saf Health Care. 2004 Oct;13 Suppl 1:i19-26.

Discriminative validity of the Minimally Invasive Surgical Trainer in Virtual Reality (MIST-VR) using criteria levels based on expert performance.

Gallagher AG, Lederman AB, McGlade K, Satava RM, Smith CD.

Surg Endosc. 2004 Apr;18(4):660-5. Epub 2004 Mar 19.

Analysis of errors in laparoscopic surgical procedures.

Seymour NE, Gallagher AG, Roman SA, O’Brien MK, Andersen DK, Satava RM.

Surg Endosc. 2004 Apr;18(4):592-5. E

Publications 2003

Objective psychomotor skills assessment of experienced and novice flexible endoscopists with a virtual reality simulator.

Ritter EM, McClusky DA 3rd, Lederman AB, Gallagher AG, Smith CD.

J Gastrointest Surg. 2003 Nov;7(7):871-7; discussion 877-8.

From the operating room of the present to the operating room of the future. Human-factors lessons learned from the minimally invasive surgery revolution.

Gallagher AG, Smith CD.

Semin Laparosc Surg. 2003 Sep;10(3):127-39. Review.

Fundamental principles of validation, and reliability: rigorous science for the assessment of surgical education and training.

Gallagher AG, Ritter EM, Satava RM.

Surg Endosc. 2003 Oct;17(10):1525-9. Epub 2003 Sep 19. No abstract available.

Psychomotor skills assessment in practicing surgeons experienced in performing advanced laparoscopic procedures.

Gallagher AG, Smith CD, Bowers SP, Seymour NE, Pearson A, McNatt S, Hananel D, Satava RM.

J Am Coll Surg. 2003 Sep;197(3):479-88.

Surgical simulation – a ‘good idea whose time has come’.

Champion HR, Gallagher AG.

Br J Surg. 2003 Jul;90(7):767-8. No abstract available.

PicSOr: an objective test of perceptual skill that predicts laparoscopic technical skill in three initial studies of laparoscopic performance.

Gallagher AG, Cowie R, Crothers I, Jordan-Black JA, Satava RM.

Surg Endosc. 2003 Sep;17(9):1468-71. Epub 2003 Jun 17.

Surgical competence and surgical proficiency: definitions, taxonomy, and metrics.

Satava RM, Gallagher AG, Pellegrini CA.

J Am Coll Surg. 2003 Jun;196(6):933-7. No abstract available.
pub 2004 Mar 1

Publications 2002

Reliability and validity of Endotower, a virtual reality trainer for angled endoscope navigation.

Haluck RS, Gallagher AG, Satava RM, Webster R, Bass TL, Miller CA.

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2002;85:179-84.

Virtual reality training improves operating room performance: results of a randomized, double-blinded study.

Seymour NE, Gallagher AG, Roman SA, O’Brien MK, Bansal VK, Andersen DK, Satava RM.

Ann Surg. 2002 Oct;236(4):458-63; discussion 463-4.

The efficacy of using a personal stereo to treat auditory hallucinations. Preliminary findings.

Johnston O, Gallagher AG, McMahon PJ, King DJ.

Behav Modif. 2002 Sep;26(4):537-49.

Virtual reality as a metric for the assessment of laparoscopic psychomotor skills. Learning curves and reliability measures.

Gallagher AG, Satava RM.

Surg Endosc. 2002 Dec;16(12):1746-52. Epub 2002 Jul 29.

Palliative care in district general hospitals: the nurse’s perspective.

McDonnell M, Johnston G, Gallagher AG, McGlade K.

Int J Palliat Nurs. 2002 Apr;8(4):169-75.

Publications 2001

Evaluation of structured and quantitative training methods for teaching intracorporeal knot tying.

Pearson AM, Gallagher AG, Rosser JC, Satava RM.

Surg Endosc. 2002 Jan;16(1):130-7. Epub 2001 Nov 12.

Objective psychomotor skills assessment of experienced, junior, and novice laparoscopists with virtual reality.

Gallagher AG, Richie K, McClure N, McGuigan J.

World J Surg. 2001 Nov;25(11):1478-83.

Virtual reality training leads to faster adaptation to the novel psychomotor restrictions encountered by laparoscopic surgeons.

Jordan JA, Gallagher AG, McGuigan J, McClure N.

Surg Endosc. 2001 Oct;15(10):1080-4.

Publications 2000

Voluntary euthanasia in Northern Ireland: general practitioners’ beliefs, experiences, and actions.

McGlade KJ, Slaney L, Bunting BP, Gallagher AG.

Br J Gen Pract. 2000 Oct;50(459):794-7.

A comparison between randomly alternating imaging, normal laparoscopic imaging, and virtual reality training in laparoscopic psychomotor skill acquisition.

Jordan JA, Gallagher AG, McGuigan J, McGlade K, McClure N.

Am J Surg. 2000 Sep;180(3):208-11.

Randomly alternating image presentation during laparoscopic training leads to faster automation to the “fulcrum effect”.

Jordan JA, Gallagher AG, McGuigan J, McClure N.

Endoscopy. 2000 Apr;32(4):317-21.

Publications 1999

Experienced laparoscopic surgeons are automated to the “fulcrum effect”: an ergonomic demonstration.

Crothers IR, Gallagher AG, McClure N, James DT, McGuigan J.

Endoscopy. 1999 Jun;31(5):365-9.

Virtual reality training in laparoscopic surgery: a preliminary assessment of minimally invasive surgical trainer virtual reality (MIST VR).

Gallagher AG, McClure N, McGuigan J, Crothers I, Browning J.

Endoscopy. 1999 May;31(4):310-3.

Publications 1998

An ergonomic analysis of the fulcrum effect in the acquisition of endoscopic skills.

Gallagher AG, McClure N, McGuigan J, Ritchie K, Sheehy NP.

Endoscopy. 1998 Sep;30(7):617-20.

Publications 1996

Randomised trial of laparoscopic versus small-incision cholecystectomy.

McClure N, Gallagher AG, McGuigan J.

Lancet. 1996 Jun 8;347(9015):1623. No abstract available.

Publications 1995

The effects of varying information content and speaking aloud on auditory hallucinations.

Gallagher AG, Dinan TG, Baker LV.

Br J Med Psychol. 1995 Jun;68 ( Pt 2):143-55.

Publications 1994

The effects of varying auditory input on schizophrenic hallucinations: a replication.

Gallagher AG, Dinan TG, Baker LJ.

Br J Med Psychol. 1994 Mar;67 ( Pt 1):67-75.